Title : citrus brown snail
Visit Count : 1020 Time(s)
Upload Date : 2/9/2016 - 2 Year(s) ago
Category : citrus
Tuesday, February 9, 2016
Visit Count : 1020 Time(s)
Upload Date : 2/9/2016 - 2 Year(s) ago
Category : citrus
Scientific Name: citrus brown snail, Caucasotachea lencoranea
Snails are considered as one of the most important agricultural pest in humid regions of the world citrus brown snail (CBS)Caucasotachea lencoranea (Musson) is considered as the main pest of citrus orchards in countries such as Azerbayjan and Tajikestan.
Issel (1866) reported for the first time in Iran. Suitable climatic condition of the north made it as the one of the main species of the pests in this region.
Damage
The indirect damage of citrus brown snail consists of feeding on leave and seedlings sprouts that causes more severe damages.
The direct ones consists of fruit feeding, while this fruits lost their quality in the market and on the other hand,could not be store in the ware house.

Morphology:
The shell of C. lencoranea reaches about 32 mm in diameter and has 5 whorls, with dark brown 5 spiral tapes.

Biology:
The adults overwinter under the soil or trees gaps and have 1 generation in each 2 years. C.lencoranea feeds during night sand rest during days in cooler parts of trees and over branches

Control:
Chemical:
methaldehyde has been the most effective chemical control for slugs and snails since introduction as molluscicides bait in 1934.

Biological:
Many soil-inhabitant insects such as Carabid beetles are the main predator of snails

REFERENCES:

Kheirodin, A., Damavandian, M. R., and Sarailoo, M. H.2012. Mineral oil as a repellent in comparison with other control methods for citrus brown snail ,Caucasotachea lencoranea, African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 7(42), pp. 5701-5707.

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